The World Unites to Fight Climate Change

197 countries have agreed to stop using refrigerants, emissions of which were proved to contribute to climate change. The final decision was made on the 15th of October in Kigali, Rwanda, where a United Nations meeting took place.

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According to the agreement, during the century the harmful emissions may decrease up to 88%. Thus, the potential greenhouse gases called hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) will rise the temperature on the planet only by 0,06 °C instead of 0.5 °C it would add if left ignored.

The signed agreement is actually an extended version of the Montreal Protocol that was signed back in 1987 as the Nations commitment to cease most processes that contributed to climate change, breaking ozone layer. The treaty really made most countries halt harmful chemical emissions from different industrial processes, including refrigerants. But instead of them HFCs were used, and they were later proved potentially harmful, too.

According to the signed pact, a huge amount of potentially harmful activity that contributes to climate change has to be ceased. It was decided that the emissions from international aviation activity will be slowed down. Before that, on the 5th of October, the EU announced its 2015 Paris climate agreement joining.

doneAll these decisions took the worlds leaning nations about 7 years, as the first debate on the issue was held in 2009. The process went on so slow because of the political and financial challenges such an agreement hides. For example, not all developing countries were sure they would join the treaty due to the lack of funds. To solve this problem, the course of implementing chemical alternatives of the HFCs will start from the world’s leading developed countries. After the test, they will help all other countries scientifically and financially to join the course.

Even though some advocates say that the treaty is rather weak, according to the results of the Montreal Protocol, the human contribution to climate change may still be ceased.

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